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Explain the concept of Inter-operability Testing?

These days inter-operability testing is one of those concepts which are much among the talk of the software testing town. But before seeing what inter-operability testing consists of let us know the meaning of inter-operability.

About the concept of Inter-operability

“Inter-operability can be defined as the ability of the diverse organizations as well as systems to inter – operate or work together in collaboration”.
This is actually a term of technical systems engineering and takes the following factors in to account affecting the performance of the system:
1. Social factors
2. Political factors
3. Organization factors and so on.

– When this term inter-operability was introduced it was just confined to the field of information technology services and systems and was related only to the exchange of information.
– At that time the inter-operability of a product or system was defined as its property when its interface was fully understood in such a way that it could work with other systems both in present and future with no restrictions on implementation as well as access.
– Since this definition of inter-operability was quite a generalized one, it could be well used for any other system outside the field of information technology.
– The definition of inter-operability further lays down many other criteria that apply for the discrimination of the systems based up on fact whether or not they are really inter – operable.
– In market many systems or products are sold as such under the label of interoperability. Such criteria include:
1. Presence of access and implementation restrictions in the product, service or system.
2. Non disclosure of one or more than one interfaces.

– The inter-operability is defined by IEEE as following:
“It is the ability of one or more than one systems by virtue of which they can exchange the information among them and can use that exchanged information”.

There are various types of inter-operability namely:
1. Syntactic interoperability
2. Semantic interoperability
3. Post facto interoperability

What is Inter-operability Testing?

– This type of testing methodology helps you to validate you software system or application that whether it is working or communicating correctly with the other software systems or applications or not.
– There are many software systems or applications which either simply export the data to be used by the other software systems or applications or have a full on communication with the financial suites, online stores or data bases.
– Therefore, in such situations it is important that all the transactions being carried out are correct all the time. – If such vital transfers fail there can be a huge loss of information, corruption at the receiving end or a missed sale etc.
– It can be quite frustrating for the users to spend their time in entering the data in complex layouts and later receive a message that the information they entered could not recognized.
– Such a failure could also result in hours of efforts being spent to get back the raw data.
– The inter-operability in software systems and applications is achieved via a common set of exchange formats which enable the systems to read and write in the same file formats and to operate on the same protocols.
– A lack of interoperability in a product or a system shows that the design of the program lacks standardization.

There are 5 ways which if implemented can help in achieving interoperability in software:
1. Product testing
2. Product engineering
3. Industry community partnership
4. Common technology and IP
5. Standard implementation

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